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ER309LSI

Class: ER309LSI

AWS: A5.9

Conforms to Certification: AWS A5.9              ASME SFA A5.9

Weld Process Used for Mig (GMAW) and Submerged Arc (SAW)

AWS Chemical Composition Requirements
C = 0.03 max
Cr = 23.0 – 25.0
Ni = 12.0 – 14.0
Mo = 0.75 max
Mn = 1.0 – 2.5
Si = 0.65 – 1.00
P = 0.03 max
S = 0.03 max
Cu = 0.75 max

Available Sizes – Diameter X Spool Sizes
.025 x 2#, 10#, 25#
.030 x 2#, 10#, 25#, 30#, 33#
.035 x 2#, 10#, 25#, 30#, 33#
.045 x 2#, 10#, 25#, 30#, 33#
1/16 x 10#, 25#, 30#, 33#

Application
ER309LSI is suitable for joining stainless steels of the 304 type and 347 types. The higher silicon gives arc stability and exceptionally smooth bead appearance.

Deposited Chemical Composition % (Typical)
C = 0.019 Mo = 0.15 P = 0.008
Cr = 23.50 Mn = 1.85 S = 0.006
Ni = 12.95 Si = 0.84

 

Mechanical Properties (R.T.) 
Yield Strength 60,500 psi
Tensile Strength 89,000 psi
Elongation 35%
Reduction of Area 60%

Deposited All Weld Metal Properties
Data is typical for ER309LSI weld metal deposited by Mig using Argon + 2% oxygen as the shielding gas. Data on sub-arc is not presented, as sub-arc is dependent on the type of flux used.

Recommended Welding Parameters
GMAW “Mig Process” Reversed Polarity
Wire Diameter Wire Feed Amps Volts Shielding Gas Gas CFH
Short Arc Welding .030 13-26 40-120 16-20 Argon+2% O2 25
.035 13-26 60-140 16-22 Argon+2% O2 25
Spray Arc Welding .035 20-39 140-220 24-29 Argon+2% O2 38
.045 16-30 160-260 25-30 Argon+2% O2 38
1/16 10-16 230-350 27-31 Argon+2% O2 38

Other shielding Gases may be used for Mig welding. Shielding gases are chosen taking Quality, Cost, and Operability into consideration

Recommended Welding Parameters
SAW “Submerged Arc Welding Process”   Reversed Polarity Suggested
Wire Diameter Amps Volts
3/32 250-450 28-32
1/8 300-500 29-34
5/32 400-600 30-35
3/16 500-700 30-35

Both Agglomerated and fused fluxes can be used for submerged arc welding.
Note: The chemical composition of the flux mainly affects the chemistry of the weld metal and consequently its corrosion resistance and Mechanical properties.